» jUDICIAL pROfILEs // fUlton CoUnty SUperior CoUrt 192
judge T. jackson Bedford
College: University of Virginia, 1966
Law school: Emory University,
Born: April 18, 1944
previous Experience: Trial lawyer
for 23 years; general civil and
criminal litigation and trial work,
domestic relations, personal
injury and malpractice, appeals; current position, Jan. 1,
policies, procedures and Recommendations:
1. Division designation: D.
2. Pretrial conferences and pretrial orders: Yes. For all civil cases
and complex criminal cases. Call Sandra Shin at 404-612-4157
to schedule a pretrial and to get a copy of the case management order if one has not already been completed for your
3. Require dispute resolution: On a case-by-case basis and
when both parties ask.
4. Telephone conferencing: Yes, as long as we are not dealing
with complex or convoluted issues which are difficult to grasp
or discuss on the phone. I am more visual than auditory. I
encourage lawyers to do this early for non-complex discovery
problems. Call Sandra Shin at 404-612-4157.
5. Special settings: Only complex cases such as medical malpractice and similar cases with numerous expert witnesses.
Call Sandra Shin to inquire. In some instances, as we have
gone over to a case management system, most cases are given
a trial week(s) certain.
6. Attaching supporting authorities: Yes, in fact I request that I
receive courtesy copies of all motions and briefs with copies of
authorities attached, but I do not require, and in fact I request,
that you do not file the attachments with filed briefs/plead-ings. Also, all cases, other than pattern charges, must have
copies of cited cases attached to the court’s courtesy copy.
7. Letter briefs: Yes, when requested.
8. Filings on computer disk: For orders this is not a bad idea,
especially if we are going to change something. I pretty much
leave this up to the lawyers as I can always ask if I need a disk
9. Voir dire: I ask about 15-25 general questions depending on
whether it is a civil or criminal case. I then allow the lawyers to
ask general questions. Lawyers then may individually question each juror. Each juror has a number and will respond to all
general questions by raising their number. Individual voir dire
is done by placing jurors in the jury box in panels of 12.
10. Court hours/breaks: 9: 15 a.m. to 5: 30-6 p.m. Fifteen-minute
breaks are taken mid-morning and mid-afternoon, more as
needed. The lunch break is 45 minutes to one hour depending
judge jerry W. Baxter
College: University of Georgia,
Law school: University of Georgia,
Born: Sept. 17, 1949, Atlanta
previous Experience: Assistant
solicitor, Fulton County Solicitor
General’s Office, 1974-76; assistant district attorney, Fulton
County District Attorney’s Office 1976-85; Fulton County State
Court judge, 1985-2000; current position, 2000-present.
policies, procedures and Recommendations:
1. Division designation: X.
2. Pretrial conferences and pretrial orders: Yes.
3. Require dispute resolution: The cases in which lawyers indicate ADR will be helpful.
4. Telephone conferencing: Yes.
5. Special settings: Sometimes.
6. Attaching supporting authorities: Their best case or authority.
7. Letter briefs: Yes.
8. Filings on computer disk: No.
9. Voir dire: All jurors are initially seated in the gallery, 12 to a
row, and given a numbered card. When their number is called,
they stand and answer questions about themselves from a
prepared sheet. Individual voir dire is then conducted row by
row, excusing the rows not being questioned.
10. Court hours/breaks: 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.; one hour for lunch
and 15-minute morning and afternoon breaks.
11. Available audio-visual equipment: Blackboard, screen, TV
12. Using audio-visual equipment: No rules.
13. Trial exhibits: Mark them before trial.
14. Courtroom decorum: Don’t ask to approach. Behave yourself at all times.
15. Jury charges: Follow uniform rules.
16. Do you require submission of requests to charge on issues
governed by a pattern charge: No.
17. Resolving pretrial issues prior to striking jury
a) Criminal: Yes.
b) Civil: Yes.
18. What constitutes good cause for:
a) Granting continuances: Legal causes.
b) Extending discovery: Where diligence is shown by moving
19. Order preparation guidelines: No.
20. Suggestions/admonitions for counsel: Do your job. Don’t
make it personal.
21. Irritating lawyer conduct: Lawyers who don’t get along.
22. Other recommendations: Be prepared.